Engineers of the (Chinese) Soul

Xi Jinping, CPC Central Committee General Secretary

Xi Jinping, CPC Central Committee General Secretary

The production of souls is more important than the production of tanks.... And therefore I raise my glass to you, writers, the engineers of the human soul.

Joseph Stalin

There’s an ideology and strategy behind increased persecution of Christians in China. Unfortunately it’s the new reality under Xi Jinping.

John Garnaut explains.

This is the most important and disturbing article I’ve read on China in a long time, but let’s not forget that as the nations conspire and plot against the Lord and his people, the One enthroned in heaven laughs (Ps 2:1-4).

Will increased persecution in China reveal foundations of titanium or straw?

The Communist government of China is turning up the heat on Christians. What are the implications for multiplying movements of disciples and churches? Here are some thoughts from a guest commentator who needs to remain anonymous.

On that day a great persecution broke out against the church in Jerusalem, and all except the apostles were scattered throughout Judea and Samaria. . . . Those who had been scattered preached the word wherever they went.

Acts 8:1, 4

In the face of increased persecution, China missionaries will now learn what foundations have been built with titanium or straw.

What does modern history teach us about the relationship between perception and the healthy growth of the Christian movement?

In Ethiopia during the 1970s a persecuting communist Ethiopian government forced missionaries to leave. Believers were severely persecuted. The number of Christians increased dramatically during the seven years that the missionaries were expelled. The quality of Christian life increased significantly during persecution.

Cuba’s Fidel Castro expelled all foreign Christians. Most local believers did not leave Cuba. Many were persecuted, enduring extended jail time. Local believers clung tightly to the practices, policies, and ecclesiology they had been taught by American missionaries. Large increase in new Christians worshipping in house churches occurred only after the old generation of leaders passed.

Missionaries worked in South Vietnam from the 1950s to the 1970s. Many local believers, especially pastors, had close relationships with foreigners. A few Christian leaders were communist agents. In April 1975 all missionaries were expelled. Worship facilities, homes, personal belongings were confiscated. One missionary on the day of his departure, when asked what he left behind answered, “I left behind a few good men.” Of the Baptist pastors in Vietnam, 29 out of 30 fled the country when the missionaries left. Many Vietnamese Christians were sent to reeducation camps. Lay believers learned to function without the leadership of foreigners or pastors. Persecution and suffering were normal among these emerging Christian leaders.

From 1975 to 1985 little communication with outside was possible. When earlier western patterns were left behind during the 1990s, the number of Christians and churches flourished and multiplied with massive house church growth.

In the 1950 China missionaries refuged to South Korea, Taiwan, Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia. Over a thousand missionaries, from a variety of countries, established ministry in new countries cultures and languages. In the 1950s an entire Christian village immigrated out of China into northern Thailand.

In the 1950s and 1960s little communication was possible with Christians in China. Bill Wallace and many unnamed Chinese believers were martyred. Chinese Christians endured persecution, suffering and sifting. Christian pastors were imprisoned. This may have been God’s way of protecting some pastors from death during the Cultural Revolution in 1960s and 1970s. The growth of house church led by lay persons and pastors wives began while most pastors were in jail.

In Acts, because of persecution nameless Jerusalem believers fled to Antioch spreading the gospel. Barnabas journeyed to Antioch to train and disciple new believers. When he taught, the disciples multiplied. When Paul and Barnabas both taught in Antioch, the disciples greatly multiplied. After disciples began greatly multiplying, Antioch became the sending base for missionaries throughout the Roman Empire.

China Today

Today persecution is increasing. Most foreign Christian workers are leaving. Local believers are deciding whether to stay or go. Suffering and sifting is inevitable for those who stay. The commitment of Chinese believers is being and will be, tested. Chinese believers who have traveled or studied abroad, had friendships with foreigners, will be the particular focus of persecution. Some urban, English speaking, middle class Christians may decide to relocate outside.

Over the past 20 years, outsiders have introduced many good things as well as doctrines, practices, strategies, and foci not necessarily appropriate for China. Thousands of Chinese Christians have studied abroad in Singapore, Taiwan, Philippines, USA, Korea, Europe, New Zealand, etc. Many more have been impacted by visiting foreign teachers and foreign curriculums. Now will be a sifting time to determine how much is appropriate for present China.

In the 1980s and 90s, many “lao da” elderly believers who suffered decades of persecution had wide influence. They were familiar with rapid multiplication of believers and disciples in the house church movements. These men and women’s powerful testimonies of God’s sufficiency during their suffering impacted rural believers. Almost all have now retired to Heaven. A new generation has arisen.

In the past 15 years, Chinese Christians have endured relatively little suffering. Urban churches and ministries have often organized around Western models. Now this new generation is about to endure persecution and suffering which will sort out perishable from imperishable.

In the 1950s/1960s1970s in China, believers betrayed believers. Some well-known Christians aligned with the government sowed dissension, undermining Christianity. Probably in the next few years, well known believers will assist the government in sowing dissension and causing problems for other believers.

During the 1980s and 1990s, some prominent Chinese Christians fronted for the government powerfully shaping outsiders’ perception. They welcomed guests, quoting the party line, touring North America and Europe, creating the party’s narrative. Today some Chinese Christians, inside and outside of China, intentionally, strategically, intelligently shape the narrative of current events in China to the advantage of the Chinese Community Party. Globally every place with a Chinese diaspora population, the government monitors and attempts to shape activity .

The China government accesses almost all global digital information. There are no secrets. Mission agencies have been hacked. Mission organization communications and archives are transparent.

In the 1980s an American was privileged to visit the research library of a government information gathering agency. A well used copy of Dr. David Barrett’s World Christian Encyclopedia was on the shelves. This encyclopedia listing all Christian leaders, agencies, churches, missions, country by country, was a government reference document. Today a mouse click gives the same info.

In the 1980s and 1990s, the Chinese government utilized “fellow traveler” Westerners to promote the party narrative. Non-Chinese “Fellow travelers” communicated powerful messages to mainstream US media, Christian organizations, government entities, and other China Watchers. With great zeal, “fellow travelers” attacked persons not following the party line.

The darkness developing in China will not last forever. Maybe five years. Maybe twenty-five years.

Persecution and suffering in the Russian church lasted from approximately 1920 until 1990. The earlier severe persecution of the Chinese church lasted from approximately 1950 until mid 1980s. Suffering in North Korea is ongoing after eighty years, Iran forty years,

Christianity in China will look differently when the curtain is pulled back in the future.

Scripture teaches that persecution produces endurance, which produces strong disciples.

One responsibility of leaders outside of China is not to work against or destroy what God intends to produce in the Chinese church through suffering. Persecution and suffering might produce stronger disciples than all the Korean, Texan, North Carolina, or California Bible studies taught by foreigners.

During a time of sifting, much stubble will be burned up. Saul’s armor will be cast aside by young David’s. Some contemporary Western mission paradigms will be left behind.

We never know in advance which believers will rise and assume leadership of persecuted church.

It will be interesting to see what relationships develop among suffering Tibetan Buddhists, suffering Muslims, and suffering Chinese Christians.

Southern Baptists vs United Methodists

2016 Mark Tooley.jpg

Mark Tooley challenges the conventional wisdom that evangelicalism should become more progressive to prevent its decline.

The popular conventional narrative asserts that young people in droves are quitting evangelical Christianity because it’s too socially and politically conservative. Of course, the implication is that if only Evangelicalism would liberalize, especially on sexuality, then it might become more appealing.

But all the available evidence as to what happens to liberalizing churches strongly indicates the opposite. Mainline Protestantism is in many ways what critics of Evangelicalism wish it would become. And yet the Mainline, comprised primarily of the “Seven Sister” historic denominations, has been in continuous free-fall since the early to mid-1960s. Its implosion accelerated after most of these denominations specifically liberalized their sexuality teachings over the last 20 years.

  • Episcopal Church peaked in 1966 at 3.4 million, now 1.7 million (50% loss).

  • Presbyterian Church (USA) peaked 1965 at 4.4 million, now 1.4 million (68% loss).

  • United Church of Christ peaked 1965 at 2.1 million, now 850,000 (60% loss)

  • ELCA (Lutheran) peaked 1968 at 5.9 million, now 3.5 million (41% loss)

  • Christian Church (Disciples) peaked 1964 at 1.9 million, now 400,000 (80% loss).

  • United Methodists peaked 1965 at 11 million, now 6.9 million (40% loss).

  • American Baptist peaked 1.5 million, now 1.2 million (25% loss).

What unites these denominations in decline? The undermining of Biblical authority. Tooley points out that the two Mainline denominations that have not officially liberalized on sexuality, United Methodism and American Baptists, have declined the least.

In contrast, All growing denominations in America are conservative, including the Assemblies of God, which in 1965 had 572,123 and now has 3.2 million (460% increase), the Church of God in Cleveland, which in 1964 had 220,405 and now has 1.2 million (445% increase), the Christian Missionary Alliance, which in 1965 had 64,586 and now has 440,000 (576% increase), and the Church of the Nazarene 1965, which in 343,380 and now has 626,811 (82% increase).

What about the Southern Baptists, America’s largest evangelical denomination? They have been in decline for the last 18 years from 16.4 million to 15 million. That’s a loss of 8% compared to the average Mainline loss of 50%. While SBC membership figures are down, its worship attendance was up by 120,000 in 2017.

Meanwhile the Southern Baptists have been planting churches with a 20% increase in the number of churches over the last twenty years. There’s been a strong focus on planting black and hispanic churches. Something the liberal/progressive Mainline denominations find impossible to do.

I’ll have more to say on this topic soon. Over January I’m working on my next book which is on the Lifecycle of Movements — how they rise and fall.